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Eastern White Pine

Pinus strobus


Hardiness Zones: 3 - 8   View Map
  • Transplants easily
  • Works well for windbreaks
  • Is widely used as a Christmas tree
  • Features long, slender, blue-green needles, sometimes reaching 5" in length, grown in bundles of 5 that are soft and flexible
  • Produces elongated brown cones that are 3–8" in length; each is curved slightly and has smooth scales
  • Grows in an oval, pyramidal shape
  • Is sensitive to air pollution, road salt and soil compaction

Tree Details

Shape

Oval

Growth Speed

Fast

Scientific Name

Pinus strobus

Mature Height

50' - 80'

Mature Spread

20' - 40'

Shipping Height

6" - 1'

Highlights

The eastern white pine has played a very important role throughout the history of America. In colonial days, the best of the trees were set apart by the king for masts on British ships. As the nation grew, the lumber of white pines built our homes and businesses.

Today it is still a valuable commercial tree but also favored in parks and spacious yards — both for its beauty and its fast growth. It has also been named the state tree of both Maine and Michigan.

Sun Preference

Full Sun, Partial Sun/Shade

Soil Preference

Acidic, Drought, Moist, Well Drained, Wet

Wildlife Value

Eastern white pine seeds are favored by black bears, rabbits, red squirrels and many birds, especially red crossbills. While potentially damaging to the trees, the bark is eaten by mammals such as beavers, snowshoe hares, porcupines, rabbits and mice. White pines provide nesting sites as well for many birds including woodpeckers, common grackles, mourning doves, chickadees and nuthatches.

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