Sugar Maple

Acer saccharum

Hardiness Zones: 3 - 8   View Map
  • Puts on a show in the fall, with leaves turning yellow, burnt orange and red
  • Develops a dense crown, offering great shade
  • Features 3–5" medium to dark green leaves with 5 (rarely 3) distinct lobes that are slightly coarsely toothed
  • Produces small, greenish-yellow glowers in groups that curve downward on long, delicate stems, blooming in April and May
  • Yields pairs of winged seed about 1–1½" long that mature in September or October; seeds are produced annually, with particularly heavy crops every 2–5 years
  • Grows in a round or oval shape
  • Should not be planted in confined spaces or areas where salt is a problem

Tree Details



Growth Speed

Slow to Medium

Scientific Name

Acer saccharum

Mature Height

60' - 75'

Mature Spread

40' - 50'

Shipping Height

3' - 4'


The sugar maple is one of America’s best-loved trees. In fact, more states have claimed it as their state tree than any other single species — those states being New York, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Vermont.

While commercially planted for its delicious syrup and value as lumber, this tree makes a great addition to any yard or park. And one of its most prominent features is amazing fall color. As the seasons change, the leaves turn vibrant shades of yellow, burnt orange, and red.

Sun Preference

Full Sun, Partial Sun/Shade

Soil Preference

Acidic, Alkaline, Drought, Well Drained

Wildlife Value

Sugar maples are commonly browsed by white-tailed deer, moose and snowshoe hare. Squirrels feed on the seeds, buds, twigs and leaves.


In 1663, chemist Robert Boyle informed the Europeans about the tree in the new world that produced a sweet substance. John Smith was among the first settlers who remarked about the Native Americans’ sugar processing and the fact that they used the product for barter. They also used the inner bark to make a tea to treat coughs and diarrhea.

Other historic uses included making soap from its ashes, using the bark as a dye, drinking the sap as a spring tonic and taking the syrup for liver and kidney problems.

During the 2001 baseball season, Barry Bonds switched from the traditional ash wood baseball bat to one made of maple and hit 73 home runs—a new record!

Account Login

Forgot your password?

Reset Password

Please enter your email address to receive a verification code and reset your password.