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Canadian Hemlock

Tsuga canadensis


Hardiness Zones: 3 - 8   View Map
  • Features soft, feathery deep green needles that form flat, horizontal sprays on the twigs
  • Yields an abundance of small brown cones ½ –1" long that hang from the branches like ornaments
  • May be sheared to any height or shape
  • Works well for screening, groupings and foundation plantings
  • Grows in a pyramidal shape
  • Prefers a site where it can receive both shade and sun
  • Cannot tolerate drought, wind or heavy soil

Tree Details

Shape

Pyramidal

Growth Speed

Slow to Medium

Scientific Name

Tsuga canadensis

Mature Height

40' - 70'

Mature Spread

25' - 35'

Shipping Height

6" - 1'

Highlights

This hemlock is one of our members’ favorites for privacy screens and hedges because of its handsome, graceful appearance and ability to be sheared to any height or shape. The tree is also one of only few evergreens that can handle full sun and full shade, though it prefers a site where it can receive both shade and sun.

If you’re in need of an evergreen landscape tree for a privacy screen, grouping, or foundation planting, the Canadian hemlock may be a good solution.

Sun Preference

Full Sun, Partial Sun/Shade, Full Shade

Soil Preference

Acidic, Loamy, Moist, Sandy, Well Drained

Wildlife Value

This hemlock provides excellent cover for deer and songbirds. Nesting site for several warblers. Seeds are eaten by juncos, chickadees, and siskins.

History/Lore

Native Americans and colonists used the tannins from the bark as a curative and for tanning leather. The needles have been used to make a tea high in vitamin C. (Although often confused with the hemlock that poisoned Socrates, the Canadian hemlock is not poisonous.)

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