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The River Birch can be expected to grow
in the zones listed. More information can be found on the arborday.org
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The River Birch falls into the following type(s): N/A
The River Birch grows to be 40' to 70' feet in height.
The River Birch has a spread of about 40' to 60' at full maturity.
This tree grows at a Medium to Fast growth rate.
The River Birch does well in Full, Partial Shade exposure(s).
The River Birch grows in Acidic, Clay, Drought Tolerant, Loamy, Moist, Sandy, Well Drained, Wet, Wide Range soils.
The River Birch has a(n) Oval shape.
The River Birch has become a popular landscape tree because of its distinctive bark and graceful crown. It also is said to be the Birch most resistant to borers, and can tolerate drier conditions than other Birches. Its small but plentiful seeds are appreciated by a wide range of songbirds.
The catkins of the River Birch are used by redpolls and pine siskins. The foliage is eaten by deer and other browsers.
The River Birch is one of the 12 Birch species that extend southward from the Arctic Circle. It is the only one that grows naturally at low elevations in the southeastern part of the United States. Mud is a natural bed for the seedlings and the tree is excellent for holding stream banks and thus helping to keep erosion in check.
While it will tolerate moderate flooding, it also has some drought resistance.
This trees leaves are 1-1/2 to 3 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide with tiny hairs on stem and the underside of a stout midrib.
Flowers are brown or green.
The flowers bloom in April to May.
The fruit is elongated, 1 to 3 inches long.
As its name suggests, the river birch naturally grows along river banks. But as a landscape tree, it can be planted almost anywhere in the U.S. The species is valued for its relatively rapid growth, tolerance of wetness and some drought, unique curling bark, spreading limbs, and relative resistance to birch borer.
Each tree and plant is guaranteed to grow, or we'll replace it within one year of shipment.
Our trees are delivered with natural bare roots which have been dipped in hydrating gel prior to shipment to keep the roots moist and healthy. As their abundant, fibrous roots aren't confined by a container, bare-root trees get off to a more vigorous start compared to containerized roots which typically need more time to adjust to transplanting. Bare-root trees typically surpass the size of larger containerized trees in only a few years.
Potted (also called containerized) trees are shipped in 4" containers. Because the roots are packed in soil, the trees don't
need to be dormant for shipping. Benefits to potted trees include:
Natural root (also called bare root) trees are shipped without soil around their roots. They are shipped when dormant in the spring and fall seasons. We dip the roots in a hydrating gel to keep them moist during shipping. Some advantages of natural root trees:
The Urban Horticulture Institute at Cornell University has an interesting article about the benefits of planting natural root trees. Look for the PDF entitled Creating the Urban Forest: The Bare Root Method
Plugged trees are grown in a soil plug. While not shipped in a pot, these trees do have soil around the roots. Benefits of this type of tree include:
If you have questions, please call (888) 448-7337 or E-mail Member Services.